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Comparative Seed Biology of Invasive vs. Native Plant Species in Lowland Rainforest in Sri Lanka, Towards Effective Forest Management

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dc.contributor.author Samarasinghe, B.R.C.P.
dc.contributor.author Jayasuriya, K.M.G.G.
dc.contributor.author Gunarathne, A.M.T.A.
dc.contributor.author Senanayaka, S.M.C.
dc.contributor.author Muthuthanthirige, D.L.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-14T05:17:36Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-14T05:17:36Z
dc.date.issued 2018-11
dc.identifier.citation Samarasinghe, B.R.C.P. et al., (2018). "Comparative Seed Biology of Invasive vs. Native Plant Species in Lowland Rainforest in Sri Lanka, Towards Effective Forest Management", Proceedings of the 23rd International Forestry and Environment Symposium 2018 of the Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Citrus Waskaduwa, Waskaduwa, Sri Lanka, 134 p. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2235-9427
dc.identifier.uri http://dr.lib.sjp.ac.lk/handle/123456789/8236
dc.description.abstract Invasive species are the second largest threat to biodiversity loss in the world. Clidemia hirta is a common invasive species found in disturbed sites such as along forest foot paths in tropical lowland-wet evergreen forests of Sri Lanka. Comparative information on seed biology of invasive species with that of the native species in the same habitat is crucial for the management of invasive species. Thus, we studied the seed biology of Clidemia hirta with that of three native species, Schizostigma hirsutum, Melastoma malabathricum and Plecranthus kanneliyensis that share the same habitat of C. hirta. Mature, ripen fruits of all the species were collected from at least ten individuals in Sinharaja rainforest and transported to the University of Peradeniya and experiments were initiated within 2-3 days of seed collection. Seed Moisture Content (SMC) was determined through the oven dry method. Seed germination was studied at 25 or 32o C in light/ dark (12hrs/12hrs), dark and green light regimes. SMC of all the studied species were <15% indicating that they were orthodox in seed storage behaviour. Thus, they all have the ability to produce a soil seed bank easily. S. hirsutum, P. kanneliyensis and C. hirta seeds germinated to 100, 77.5 and 95.5% in light/dark conditions, while only 53.3% of the M. malabathricum seed germinated within 30 days, their T50 values were 26, 24, 32 and 36 days, respectively indicating that seeds of all the studied species are nondormant. However, none of the seeds germinated in complete darkness and under green light, except for S. hirtusum which show only 10 and 30% germination under above conditions, respectively, revealing that seeds of all the study species required full or partial light conditions for their germination. Thus, seeds that burry in the ground could also easily form a soil seed bank. Further, the germination traits of all the study species seemed to be adapted to their habitat conditions. Light requirement for germination may allow them to select open disturbed habitats with suitable light conditions. Our study revealed that seed germination behavior of the invasive species C. hirta is similar to the native species that share the same habitat. Thus, introduction of native species adapted to same habitat soon after the mechanical eradication of C. hirta could be suggested for management of C. hirta invasion along the footpaths in the tropical lowland wet evergreen forests. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Sri Jayewardenepura 2018 en_US
dc.subject Invasive species, Native species, Moisture content en_US
dc.title Comparative Seed Biology of Invasive vs. Native Plant Species in Lowland Rainforest in Sri Lanka, Towards Effective Forest Management en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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