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Molecular Identification of Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne Species) in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.author Rajapakse, R.V.D.U.P.
dc.contributor.author Hettiarachchi, C.
dc.contributor.author Dassanayake, R.S.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-01T06:04:02Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-01T06:04:02Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12-01T06:04:02Z
dc.identifier.citation Rajapakse, R.V.D.U.P., Hettiarachchi, C., & Dassanayake, R.S. (2015). Molecular Identification of Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne Species) in Sri Lanka. Proceedings of the 71st Annual Sessions of Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (Part I), 55.
dc.identifier.issn 13910248
dc.identifier.uri http://dr.lib.sjp.ac.lk/handle/123456789/2008
dc.description.abstract Root-knot nematodes (RKNs) from the genus Meloidogyne are major obligate endoparasitic pathogens of a multitude of economically important host plants worldwide. Correct identification of RKN species is becoming increasingly important for the design of effective nematode management practices. To our knowledge there were no literature records about molecular identification of RKNs in Sri Lanka. The main objective of this study was to develop a fast, accurate and sensitive Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based molecular assay to accurately identify RKNs parasitizing important vegetable and fruit crops in Sri Lanka. Root knot nematode infected root samples were collected from 4 different localities in Sri Lanka during the years 2013-2014 and labeled as 1- Horana/Tomato, 2- Horana/Spinach, 3-Anuradhapura/Guava, 4-Kalpitiya/Tomato, 5- Colombo/Cherry Tomato, 6- Kalptiya/ Guava. DNA extracted from juvenile stages of Meloidogyne was used in PCR. Amplification of ribosomal DNA with MF/MR universal primers yielded a 500 bp fragment specific for genus Meloidogyne for samples belonging to all localities. The sequence of 500 bp PCR product was found to be 100 % identical to the most common Meloidogyne species available in Genbank. C2F3/1108 primers that result in species-specific PCR products based on size were used to identify and differentiate infected Meloidogyne species in the collected samples. Amplification of mitochondrial DNA with C2F3/1108 primers yielded an 1100 bp product specific for M. arenaria for only sample 1, a 705 bp size products specific for M. enterolobii for sample 1, 3 and 6, a 520 bp products specific for M. chitwoodi or M. hapla for sample 2, 4, 5 and 6. Sample 2, 4, 5 and 6 were further analyzed with 194/195 primers and the exact RKN infected was identified as M. hapla by the amplification of specific ~ 700 bp size PCR product. This study demonstrated the occurrence of Meloidogyne species in Sri Lanka either alone or in mixed populations. Even though the species M. arenaria, M. incognita, M. javanica, and M. hapla are generally considered the most widespread, M. enterolobii and M. hapla were found to be more widely distributed in the studied areas of Sri Lanka. The protocols optimized in this study would be useful in the future to analyze RKN infected samples collected across Sri Lanka to evaluate the prevalence, incidence and diversity of RKNs more comprehensively. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science, Colombo 07
dc.title Molecular Identification of Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne Species) in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.date.published 2015

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